Vision * "A self reliant Dzongkhag co-existing in peace and harmony with enhanced socio-economic standards, rich natural resources and cultural heritage" * Mission * “To enhance rural livelihood with good local governance in line with culture and environment” * དམིགས་དོན་གཅོད་པ། * ཕན་བདེ་བརྟན་རྒྱས་ལྡན་པའི་ས་གནས་གཞུང་གིས་ལམ་སྲོལ་དང་རང་བཞིན་རྒྱུ་ཁུངས་གཉིས་དང་བསྟུན་གྲོང་གསེབ་འཚོ་བའི་ཐུན་རྐྱེན་གོང་འཕེལ་གཏང་ནི། * འཆར་སྣང་བསམ་གྲུབ་ལྗོངས་མཁར། * རྒྱུན་བརྟན་རང་འདྲོངས་ཅན་དང་ཞི་བདེ་མཐུན་བསྒྲིག་མཉམ་དུ་གནས་ཏེ་མི་སྡེ་དཔལ་འབྱོར་གྱི་གནས་ཚད་ཡར་འཕར་སོང་བའི་རང་བཞིན་ཐོན་སྐྱེད་ཀྱི་འབྱོར་པ་དང་ལམ་སྲོལ་རྒྱུད་བཟང་ལྡན་པའི་ལྗོངས་སུ་བསྒྲགས་ནི།





Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag is situated in the southeastern corner of the country, sharing its southern and northern borders with the Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh respectively. To its west lies Pemagatshel Dzongkhag and to its north Trashigang Dzongkhag. It has a population of 40,766 (20,786 male and 19,980 female), with 4808 households and an area of 1877.94 sq. km constituting around 4% of the country's total. More than three quarters of its area is under forest cover - higher than the national coverage and of mostly the broad leaved sub-tropical evergreen type. The Dzongkhag is located in the sub-tropical climate zone, extending from an elevation of 200 meters to 3600 meters with major portion of the land within 600 meters to 1200 meters. Its southern strip extending across four Gewogs consists of fertile plain lands. The temperature ranges from a minimum of 14 degree centigrade to a maximum of 36 degree centigrade during the peak summer of the year. Its average annual rainfall is 5309.4 millimeters (as recorded at Aerong). The average annual temperature is 23.8 °C. About 2749 mm of precipitation falls annually.


Administratively, the Dzongkhag is divided into two Dungkhags – Jomotsangkha (Daifam) and Samdrupchoeling (Bhangtar) – and sub-divided further into 11 Gewogs – Dewathang, Gomdar, Langchenphu, Lauri, Martshalla, Orong, Pemathang, Phuntshothang, Samrang, Serthi and Wangphu. There are total of 191 villages and 58 Chiwogs spread across the 11 Gewogs. In addition, there is one Thromde (Samdrupjongkhar) and two Satellite town (Samdrupcholing and Jomotsangkha) spread across three Gewogs.


The Dzongkhag serves as a hub of business for the five other eastern Dzongkhags of Pemagatshel, Trashigang, Trashiyangtse, Lhuentse and Mongar. The Dzongkhag administration headquarters and towns of the eastern region are all connected by the national highway. Samdrup Jongkhar Town's location at the border with India provides access to the Indian market, not only for Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag but also for the other eastern Dzongkhags. It has a potential to serve as Bhutan's gateway to Assam and North Eastern states. However, a major threat to economic opportunities for the region's households is posed by the cheaper products available across the border and the control over wholesale market by the Indian ethnic community.


The town has a FCB warehouse and an auction yard particularly for mandarin, potatoes and ginger storage and auctioning from different parts of the whole of the eastern region, with the first and third products being the main cash crops of the Dzongkhag. However, frequent strikes in Assam State hinder the movement and transportation of goods. In addition, its long stretch of porous border exposes huge forested areas to the increasing population of Assam with corresponding increase in the illegal extraction of the forest resources.





As mentioned in the background, Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag lies to the south eastern corner of the country, sharing its border with the Indian states of Assam State and Arunachal Pradesh to its south and east respectively and the two Dzongkhags of Pemagatshel and Trashigang to its west and north respectively. The Dzongkhag has a population of 37393 with 5191 number of households and an area of 1877.94 square kilometers.






Sl. No. Particulars Numbers Remarks
 1 Dungkhags 2  
 2 Gewogs 11  
3 Chiwogs 58  
4 Gewog Office 11  
5 Gup 11  
6 Mangmi 11  
7 Tshogpa 51 Tshothang, Dungmanma, Rikhey, Martang, Philuma and Two post vacant at Samrang
8 DT Members 22  
9 GT Members 73 7 posts vacant
10 Civil Servants 825 For the whole Dzongkhag




Sl.  No. Particulars Numbers Remarks
1 Male 20786 106 SRP Holders
2 Female 19980 165 SRP Holders
3 Households 4808  
  Total  40766  



The Population pyramid show, major chunk of Dzongkhag population lie within the age group of 14 to 50 years, who are generally believed to be the human resource or work force, who will contribute in economic activities. This shows the strength in availability of adequate human resources for economic development. The Planning process of all socio economic development should be based on the demography, which gives a clear picture for its requirement in all social sectors. The distribution of male and female population in each age group are also distributed evenly/ equally, which indicates equal numbers of man and women, requiring gender sensitive planning and need to address the development based on the statistics.



Sl. No. Name of Gewog Location of Gewog Centre Remarks
1 Dewathang Dewathang  
2 Orong Orong  
3 Gomdar Tsangchiloo  
4 Wangphu Wangphu  
5 Martshalla Martshalla  
6 Pemathang Pemathang  
7 Phuntshothang Phuntshothang  
8 Samrang Samrang  
9 Langchenphu Langchenphu  
10 Serthi Minijiwoong  
11 Lauri Jompa  




Sl. No. Gewog No. of Lhakhangs No. of Chhortens Remarks
1 Dewathang 5 22  
2 Orong 5 56  
3 Gomdar 9 59  
4 Wangphu 7 34  
5 Martshalla 11 23  
6 Pemathang 6 1  
7 Phuntshothang 7 1  
8 Samrang 0 0  
9 Langchenphu 5 6  
10 Serthi 14 86  
1 Lauri 17 109  
TOTAL   85  381  


Religion has a great stake in dictating the local political scenario of the Dzongkhag as most of the people are highly religious. The presence of large number of Lhakhangs, almost one each for all the villages, against the backdrop of the distressing poverty demonstrates the spirituality of the people. Furthermore, a significant chunk of the male population, especially in the two Gewogs of Lauri and Serthi, are Gomchens/Tsampas and women are willing to marry them and take on the responsibility of running the family. The culture and tradition to perform festivity is high as each village has their own calendar of festivals, where they get opportunity to celebrate together and take rest away from regular work. The community gathers taking their best meals, dressing best dresses and above all alcohol is one of the ingredients to make the festival more joyous and happy apart from the mask dances and local dancers performing.




Sl. No. Particulars Number Remarks
1 Primary Schools 17  Including SJPS, Dewathang PS and Dechen PS
2 Lower Secondary schools 2  OLSS, PLSS
3 Middle Secondary Schools 5  
4 Central Schools/ Higher Secondary schools 3  Orong, Gomdar, Minijiwoong (CS)/ KHSS, OHSS
5 Colleges/Institutes 1  Jigme Namgyel Engineering College
6 Private schools 2  Dungsam Academy & Dechen PS
7 Extended Classrooms 5  
8 Early Child Care & Development 10  Including 2 private ECCD under SJ Thromde
9 NFE centers 35  
10 No. of Students 9198  Dzongkhag = 6786, Thromde = 2412
11 No. of Teachers 424  
12 Teacher Student Ratio 1:22  
13 Literacy Rate 61.7  


The Education system and awareness with development has improved the coverage and enrollment. At the least, each Gewog has one CPS or more, which has improved the accessibility to education and both parents and school going children are motivated to attend the formal education system. The literacy rate for the Dzongkhag is 61.7 % (BLSS, PAR 2012) against the national GLR of 63%, which was basically attributed to establishment of Schools and NFE center for adults. The GLR by gender is Male: 70.6% (71.6), and Female: 53.4% (54.7) as per the Bhutan Living standard survey 2012. The Education has policy to strengthen its infrastructure in 11th FYP with majority of funds allocated for improvement and development of infrastructure to make an enabling learning centre. On an average, the Dzongkhag has Schools with student teacher ratio below 25 and with exception to few ECRs where STR is 33 as depicted in the graph below.



The Graph shows the STR for academic year 2013-2015 (AES 2015), which is within the comfortable zone of 24 students with exception to few Schools.

The Schools also have Education facilities like, Water, Computers, Electricity, Telephone and Internet connectivity to improve the quality of Education.

The consolidation policy of Education infrastructure, will enable students to avail better education facilities, despite a accommodation issue faced by few central schools due to in adequate infrastructure, which will be resolved upon the completion of constructions which are on-going.


Enrollment for last 5 years:

The enrollment trend for last four years is shown above and the Primary Enrollment has decreased over the years. However, the number of students attending the higher level of school has increased drastically starting from the LSS level till HSS.


Primary Enrollment by sex:

The primary enrolment for both the boys and girls has decreased over the year and mostly the girls dominated, over the boys in primary enrollment, which is encouraging and making realistic the target to reduce gaps between girls and boys at grass root level of education.


LSS Enrollment by sex:

The numbers of girls attending in LSS is more than the boys despite a decrease in last two years. The boys enrolled in LSS has increased over last two years, however the trend has been decreasing.

The girls enrolled in LSS over last two years have steadily increased and trend for boys remain very unpredictable.


MSS Enrollment by sex:

The MSS enrollment for the boys has been increasing over the years drastically, on the other hand the girls enrollment was steady.


HSS Enrollment by sex:

The enrollment trend for HSS is increasing over the years for both boys and girls and the gap between two is also very narrow.



Sl. No. Particulars Number Remarks
1 Hospital 2 1 Military Hospital
2 Basic Health Unit-I 3  Gomdar, Samdrup Choling, Jomotshangkha
3 Basic Health Unit-II 7  
4 Out Reach Clinic 33  
5 RWSS Coverage 99%  
6 No. of Doctors 8 2 Doctors at Military Hospital
7 Indigenous Dispensary 5  
8 Immunisation coverage 99%  
9 Ambulance 9  


The table above clearly shows the infrastructure status and its coverage, which provides a general view that the facilities are made accessible to people near and far. However, there are issues where some of the villages and community still have to walk days and hours to reach nearest health facility, but the services are made available through establishment of ORCs. The village Health Workers (VHWs) is also trained and for critical situation provides services like distributing common medicines like paracetamol and common medicines. Dzongkhag has almost cent percent immunization coverage and RWSS coverage, however due to the changing global climatic condition, the water sources and spring waters have been drying up posing greater threat to the community to make available the safe drinking water supply. Despite the issue, over the years the health and sanitation status of the Dzongkhag have improved with more awareness and establishment of more health infrastructures.


The deliveries by trained personnel at home is on decreasing trend which is a matter of relief, since the health policy clearly states that all the deliveries will be facilitated at health facility to reduce maternal death. The improvement in trend in more deliveries at health facility and less at home is attributed to repeated awareness and targeted interventions on the importance of institutional delivery and the benefit thereof for the pregnant women and child. Despite the increasing trend, the target to achieve 100 percent institutional delivery will take few more years with current human resources and facilities and in addition the geographic situation of the pregnant women also lead to delivery at home, if the women lives too far from the health facilities. The concern, issues and challenges are well taken note by Administration and health sector are putting their own efforts in achieving the best results to ensure that there is no maternal death resulting due to home delivery.


Facilities 2012 2013 2014 2015
Persons per doctor 12,903.0 9,851.3  5,727.6  3,904.25
Number of hospital beds available 80.0 80.0 95.0  84.0
Nurses per (1,000) persons 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.28
Ratio of beds per nurse 8.0 6.7 2.6 2.1
Ratio of nurses per doctor 4.0 6.0 5.0 5.0
Persons per hospital bed 483.9 492.6 422.0 371.83
Doctors per (1,000) persons 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.20
Hospital bed per (1,000) persons 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.68
Proportion of population within 3 hrs. reach to health facility (%) 60.0 78.0 97.9 97.87
Population access to safe drinking water (%) 97.0 96.0 98.6 98.1
Deliveries attended by trained personnel (%) 74.6 63.7 79.5 84.73


As shown in the table above the increasing numbers of doctors and nurses in the Dzongkhag has ensured that for every 3900 persons there is one doctor which was 12903 in 2012. The health services has improved, people can get more attention time for their checkup and the waiting time will be minimal compared to earlier years when there was shortage of human resources.

Facilities 2012 2013 2014 2015
Latrine 94 97  94  96
Water Supply 98 96 98  99
Household with functional Piped water 97 95 98 98
Drainage & Footpath 70 78 63 63
Household with Animal Shed 83 85 69 35
Household with Vegetable Garden 67 77 74 74
Household with Garbage Pit 72 84 77 77


The increasing coverage of health and sanitation awareness had contributed in impacting lives of many communities and shows a positive trend as displayed in the table above. The kitchen gardens are not only for self consumption and healthy living, but with increasing awareness and focus for re-boosting the economy, commercialization of production of nutritious foods and vegetables are targeted, which also creates opportunity to community to earn cash income, ultimately alleviating the rural poverty.



Sl. No. Particulars Numbers Remarks
1 RNR Centre 10 nos.  
2 Market Shed 4 nos.  
3 Auction Yard 1 no.  
4 Irrigation Channel (Length in km) 103 kms  
5 Veterinary Hospital 1 no.  
6 Forest coverage (sq. km.) 87%  
7 Wild Life Sanctuary 1 no.  


The RNR sector is one of the most significant sectors, who provide services that directly benefit their livelihood through training, supply of basic tools and inputs for farming, which in turn generates cash income for their livelihood. The basic infrastructure and necessary inputs are being distributed through normal planned programs and separate targeted interventions are also being initiated to reduce the gap.



Sl. No. Type of Land Numbers Remarks
1 Chhuzhing (Wetland) 2485 acres  
2 Kamzhing (Dryland) 15104 acres  
3 Orchard 1066 acres  
4 Farmers' Group 10 nos.  

Source ADS, 2013


The Agriculture Sector has been putting efforts in producing the Cereals, Vegetables and Fruits in mass and make available to market, to reduce import and also create opportunity to farmers to earn more cash income. The efforts are being made by building infrastructure and providing trainings to the Farmers. The markets are also being linked to make it reliable to sale the goods. The community lack knowledge for market and its one of the reason why the production was minimal, which was sufficient for self consumption.

The Gewogs and villages are producing more cereals, vegetables, fruits for commercialization, which will not only make self sufficient but also reduce imports to boost the economy of the Country. The people are not only encouraged to produce in group by leasing government land but also marketing are strategize to sale in group to meet the market demand and requirement. The strategy is being implemented and concept is new to many of the communities and the things are improving and have opened the minds and hearts of people which has could meet the required demand of the market.



Sl. No. Livestock Facilities Numbers Remarks
1 Improved Pasture (Acreage) 300 ac.  
2 Artificial Insemination Center 3  
3 Piggery Group 1  
4 Poultry Backyard Farm) 21  
5 Poultry Hatchery 1  
6 Fishery Cooperatives 2  
7 Diary Group 10 5 Unregistered
8 Chevon Production Group 1  
9 Honey Processing Group 1  


The Livestock sector has been spearheading the commercialization of Livestock Farming, which has huge potential to meet the demand of eastern region for livestock products like, chicken, egg, fish, milk, cheese and butter. The Diary group has been running successfully, and the market has been linked across the border, which paved way to earn INR for the people. Despite the shortage and limited funds, the sector had been trying and many of farms and projects are running successfully. The successful projects and farms will create opportunity to attract more funds for investment to scale up and meet the requirement of eastern region and even cater to other parts of the country.



Sl. No. Forest Facilities Numbers Remarks
1 Community Forest 33 nos.  
2 NWFP Groups 15 nos.  
3 Private Forest Ownership 107 hhs.  
4 Bamboo Plantation 50 ac.  
5 Reforestation 150 ac.  


The Forestry sector not only preserves and conserves the Environment, but also create opportunities to harvest Forestry products in a sustainable way to generate income. This system has not only helped community to earn cash income and improve livelihood but encourages community to protect and conserve the Environment. The NWFP and community Forest has improved the lives of many communities and also helped in protecting the environment. The sustainable utilization of CF in enhancing rural livelihood through production and sale of NWFP.



Sl. No. License Category Numbers Remarks
1 Services 960 Only 438 in operation
2 Contract 433 Only 98 in operation
3 Manufacturing 96 Only 66 in operation
4 Retail 1513 Only 229 in operation
5 Wholesale 57 Only 25 in operation


The Samdrupjongkhar is hub of Eastern trade, where majority of goods and service are availed through this Dzongkhag and serve as a focal point / center point to eastern trade and industry. The Coal mining, Silicon manufacturing are the biggest company which contributes to economy of the country.



Sl. No. Type of  Road Length (km) Remarks
1 National Highway 73.80 Including Dewathang-Samrang road
2 Dzongkhag Roads 17 Completed ones only


The Trashigang –Samdrupjongkhar highway measuring 190 KM will be widened, which will reduce the travel time for the transportation of goods and services. This will have a huge impact in reducing carbon emission. The accessibility to many far flung villages and community are made easier by construction Gewog Center Roads to all Gewogs , and to the villages. Further the accessibility to the Gewogs will be improved with the blacktopping works for Gewogs are ongoing. Other Gewogs have even constructed the FR to their Chiwogs, which will reduce the travel time to many important service centers. The Accessibility to rural areas has boosted economic activity, by encouraging people to produce cereals, vegetable, fruits, livestock products and Forestry products in large scale. In few years from now, many imported products with will be substituted, which will realize the goal of achieving self sufficiency and will be able to be self-reliant in many of the basic commodities.



Sl. No. Communication Facilities Numbers Remarks
1 Telecom office 4 1 Regional Office 3 extensions
2 Telephone Fixed Lines 835  
3 Broadband Connections 368  
4 Internet Leased Lines 21  
5 Mobile Network Coveragee 100% Few pocket areas
6 Post Offices 3 1 GPO and 2 POs
7 Suspension Bridges 36  
8 Community Centres 11  


The Mobile coverage has reached to all the Gewogs, which provides an over view of 100% coverage. However, due to rugged terrain some of the communities living far flung rural area have difficulty in getting the networks and the stability is compromised. The service now has been very helpful to community both for personal and official front where on emergency cases we can communicate instantly and take necessary actions and services delivered.



Sl. No. Particulars Numbers Remarks
 1 Households electrified 8462 As of January 2014
 2 Electricity Coverage 100 Including off-grid


The Rural electrification has been one of the important services which will ease lives of many farmers and also reduce environmental impacts. The connectivity to all Gewogs has been completed and the coverage is 100 percent including solar lightings for those remote households and villages. The electricity ease burden to environment and in addition the reliability is supplemented with bio-gas facilities which provides renewable fuel for cooking.



Sl. No. Institutions Number Remarks
1 Bank of Bhutan 2 1 Extension at Dewathang
2 Bhutan National Bank 1  
3 Bhutan Development Bank Corporation 3 Including 2 extensions
4 Bhutan Insurance Limitedn 1  
5 Bhutan Power Corporation 4  
6 RSTA Regional Office 1  
7 RICBL 1  
8 Regional Immigration Office 1  
9 Divisional Forestry Office 1  
10 Regional Labour & Employment Office 1  
11 Regional Trade Office 1  
12 Regional Revenue & Custom Office 1  
13 Regional Audit Office 1  
14 BAFRA 1  


Identified Local Level SMEs:

The people of Bhutan enjoy the fruit of the seed for more than 50 years and 11 Five Year Plans of modern development sown by our noble monarchs. The development process transformed Bhutan from an isolated and poor country to a progressive modern nation state and its people experienced sea changes in their living standards and existence within that short period of modernization. Today, we have one of the highest per capita incomes and better access to modern amenities among the developing nations despite the small size and lack of resources of the country.

However, as His Majesty commanded, a sizeable chunk of the rural populace could not benefit from this development progression, especially on their income front. Backyard level dairy and poultry production are the only avenues available to the villagers for cash earnings. Therefore, in line with the Royal vision and in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, the Dzongkhag has identified the following Small and Medium Enterprises based on their feasibility, viability and interest of the local people to enhance their income generation, create employment opportunities and make rural life more comfortable.

1. Mega Poultry Farming at Samdrupcholing and Langchenphu

2. Mega Piggery Farming at Samdrupcholing

3. Mega Broiler Farming at Samdrupcholing

4. Mega Fishery Farming and Dry Fish processing at Samdrupcholing and Langchenphu

The Dzongkhag in collaboration with the DoL would establish these enterprises and lease out to the Farmers' Groups for operation. The objective is to be able to meet the egg, chicken, pork and fish needs of the whole eastern Dzongkhags from these enterprises, thereby substituting import and generating employment and income to the people. The Dzongkhag is also in the process of experimenting with dry fish processing from the local fisheries, which would be commercialized if found viable.

5. Freshwater (River) Fish Farming at Samdrupcholing, Gomdar and Wangphu

The Nyera Ammachhu flows through Gomdar, Wangphu and Phuntshothang Gewogs and has plenty of fish in it. Therefore, the Dzongkhag in collaboration with the MoAF plans to lease out the river to the communities of these three Gewogs for fish farming. The beneficiary communities would be imparted with necessary trainings on sustainable harvesting of fish and no-harvesting seasons. The initiative is also to be used for tourism promotion.

6. Commercial Rice Cultivation.

While the project has already been started in the four Gewogs of Phuntshothang, Pemathang, Martshalla and Langchenphu with establishment of machinery hiring centres for farm mechanization, the DoA is conducting feasibility studies on fallow lands in Samrang and Phuntshothang Gewogs. The Dzongkhag also has identified the potential state lands for commercial rice cultivation and intimated to the MoLHR for youth employment.

7. Mass Oil Extraction from locally available oil seeds at Denphu

Denphu village under Serthi Gewog is bountiful in natural oil seeds. The people of the Gewog still rely on the locally produced oil for their cooking needs. Hence, the Dzongkhag intends to tap on this potential and extract oil on a mass scale through supply of machines and imparting of necessary trainings to the group members. The Dzongkhag also help the group in exploring of markets.

8. Mass Cultivation of Chirata in Lauri Gewog

Chiriata is the main source of income for the people of Zangthi and Tshothang villages under Lauri Gewog. Every year the Group earns from the sale of Chiriata. However, the Group relies on the naturally grown lot and does not initiate to enhance its production through cultivation or creating favorable conditions for its natural growth. Based on these weaknesses, the Dzongkhag plans to support the Group in mass cultivation of Chirata through provision of expertise, funds, trainings, additional market exploration and lease of state land if needed.

9. Handicraft (stone statue) Production at Dungmanma, Lauri Gewog

The people of Dungmanma village under Lauri Gewog maintain a tradition of sculpting statues out of stones. Nevertheless, without markets for sale, the finished products are only for self consumption and therefore, the quality suffers. Realizing its ability to bring in some cash income to the otherwise cash strapped community, the Dzongkhag intends to commercialize the art through provision of training to the sculptors and development of marketing strategies for the finished products.

10. Cane and Bamboo Handicraft Production at Serthi Gewog

The people of Serthi Gewog have inherited the art of crafting cane and bamboo products and still sustain it, though on a very small scale owing to lack of market. Considering its demand in other parts of the country and recent road access to the Gewog, the Dzongkhag plans to revitalize and commercialize the art with provision of necessary supports like training, raw material securing and market exploration.

11. Cane and Bamboo Handicraft Production at Philuma

Philuma is a remote village under Orong Gewog entailing walk of more than 4 hours from the nearest road head. As obvious, the people of the village are faced with lack of any sources of income owing primarily to absence of road access. Nevertheless, the people of the village are skilled at baking bamboo and cane products, which today constitute the main source of income to them. The Dzongkhag plans to tap on this potential and commercialize the production through provision of training to the villagers, group formation, exploring markets and improving access.

12. Integrated Commercial Farming at Langchenphu

Till date, except for some individual based Integrated Fish and Piggery Farming, there were no Integrated Commercial Farming enterprises in the Dzongkhag. Taking advantage of the favorable conditions of land availability & feasibility; proximity of the communities; access to road and town and most importantly the interest of the people, the Dzongkhag intends to experiment with a Mega Integrated Commercial Farming at Langchenphu. The enterprise would have all the RNR components of Dairy Farming, Piggery Farming, Fish Farming, Nursery Raising and Vegetable Cultivation with each component complementing the other.

One of the unique features of the enterprise would be the correction of the flaws in the current practice of Group based ventures where only the capable ones come together and leave out the incompetent ones, thereby widening the gap between the rich and poor. The intended would have all the households in the Gewog as members regardless of their capabilities with establishment of subsidiary undertakings wherever feasible.

Financially, the Dzongkhag would support the group through provision of subsidies on initial procurement of cows, piglets, poultry, fingerlings, seeds & seedlings and inputs needed and construction of the necessary infrastructure. Since all the households in the Gewog would be members of the group, the Dzongkhag intends to use the annual Gewog Development Grant of Nu. 2 m for the FY 2014-2015 for providing the necessary support. The respective sectors under the Dzongkhag would provide with required technical expertise and training to the group members.

On the human resource front, the group would employ unemployed youth in the Gewog through payment from the Group's income, thereby generating employment to the youth and sparing the members of labor at the undertaking. The initiative would also create conducive conditions for membership of the physically incapable ones and function like a company where the management takes care of all the functions and the members like the promoters would enjoy the earnings.

The Dzongkhag has completed the ground works and the documents would soon be submitted to the National Land Commission for processing of land lease. Therefore, the Dzongkhag needs support and cooperation from the NLC for speedy issuance of the land lease certificate.

The Dzongkhag Profile will give over view of all services and developmental activities delivered. The profile and its data will be updated annually to make the publication a living document. The concern sectors and regional offices will contribute the information and authenticate the data reflected in the profile. This document will not only help the general public, but also concern office need to reflect and review to deliver the services.

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